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President Biden Vetoes Challenge to DOL ESG Final Rule

Late last year, the U.S. Department of Labor (DOL) finalized a rule allowing plan fiduciaries to consider climate change and other environmental, social and governance (ESG) factors when they make investment decisions and exercise shareholder rights. Specifically, the rule clarified the application of the fiduciary duties of prudence and loyalty under the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 (ERISA) when selecting plan investments and exercising shareholder rights, including proxy voting.

Congress subsequently issued a joint resolution (H.J. Res. 30) that would have nullified the DOL final rule. However, on March 20, 2023, President Biden vetoed the joint resolution. Accordingly, the final rule remains in effect, although additional court challenges to the rule are currently pending.

Overview of the Final Rule

The final rule provides that a fiduciary’s duty of prudence must be based on factors that the fiduciary reasonably determines are relevant to a risk and return analysis. Under the final rule, such factors may include the economic effects of climate change and other ESG factors on the particular investment or investment course of action.

In addition, the final rule:

  • Removes the special rules for qualified default investment alternatives (QDIAs) that apply under prior rules from 2020 and would instead apply the same standards to QDIAs that apply to other investments;

  • Changes the “tie-breaker” standard, which permits fiduciaries to consider collateral benefits as tie-breakers in some circumstances, by replacing existing provisions with a new standard and removing special documentation requirements; and

  • Includes three noteworthy changes to the 2020 rules related to exercises of shareholder rights, including proxy voting.

DOL Resources

A DOL fact sheet on the final rule is available, which further details key changes and provides the procedural background for the rule.



​Jan. 30, 2023

Final rule allowing fiduciaries to consider ESG risk and rewards in investment decision-making became effective.

​Feb. 7, 2023

H.J. Res. 30, which would have nullified the final rule, was introduced in the House.

Feb. 27, 2023

A statement of administration policy was released, indicating that President Biden would veto H.J. Res. 30.

​March 20, 2023

President Biden vetoed H.J. Res. 30.

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